Knowledge Translation
In addition to the in person course, participants are provided with education resources that upend conventional wisdom about rehabilitation and pain.
• A Comprehensive Guide to the New Science of Treating Lower Back Pain - Vox
• Forget Pills and Surgery for Back Pain - Scientific American
• Alternatives to Drugs for Treating Pain - New York Times
• Starting Rehab Early Can Speed Recovery From Muscle Injuries - Globe and Mail
• The Social Power of Touch - Scientific American Mind
• Massage may aid muscle regrowth, even in an opposite limb - Colorado State University

Setting the Groundwork for Evidence Based Massage
Does Massage Work: A Review of The Research
• Four Science Backed Ways Massage Makes You Feel Better
• Peer Reviewed Resources
• Guide to Reading Massage Therapy Research 
The Integration of Research into Massage Therapy 
How To Evaluate A Scholarly Article (Powerpoint) 
Massage Therapy Case Reports

Modalities Explained
• What are Myofascial Triggerpoints?
• Does Fascia Release? 
Nerve Mobilizations
• Cupping
• Taping
• Stretch Training 
• Foam Rolling

Theories and Treatment Strategies
As the body of knowledge to support the use of massage therapy continues to grow, understanding the basic science behind what we do and the guiding principles of adaptability enable us to apply this work to a number of conditions including, but not limited to:
• Sports Massage for Athletic Performance
• Scar Management 
• Rehabilitation for Acute Muscle Strains
• Neck Pain
Cervicogenic Dizziness
Cervicogenic Tinnitus
• Migraine Headaches
• Tension Headaches
• Post-Concussion Syndrome 
What is a Concussion?
• Temporal Mandibular Disorder (TMD)
• Shoulder Pain
• Frozen Shoulder
• Tennis Elbow
• Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 
• Post-Operative Patients
• Shin Splints
• Dupuytren's Disease
• Low Back Pain 
• Sciatica
• Hip Pain
• Post-Surgical ACL Injuries 
• Osteoarthritis of The Knee
• Ankle Sprain
• Plantar Fasciitis 


Dong, Q., Jacobson, J.A., ... Kim, S.M. (2012). Entrapment neuropathies in the upper and lower limbs: anatomy and MRI features. Radiol Res Pract.

Kennedy, A.B., Munk, N. (2017). Experienced Practitioners' Beliefs Utilized to Create a Successful Massage Therapist Conceptual Model: a Qualitative Investigation. Int J Ther Massage Bodywork.

Laumonier, T., & Menetrey, J. (2016). Muscle injuries and strategies for improving their repair. Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics.

Pelletier, R., Higgins, J., & Bourbonnais, D. (2015). Is neuroplasticity in the central nervous system the missing link to our understanding of chronic musculoskeletal disorders? BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.

Schmid, A. B., Brunner, F., ... Coppieters, M. W. (2009). Reliability of clinical tests to evaluate nerve function and mechanosensitivity of the upper limb peripheral nervous system. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.

Shah, J., Thaker, N., Heimur, J., Aredo, J., Sikdar, S., & Gerber, L. (2015). Myofascial Trigger Points Then and Now: A Historical and Scientific Perspective. PM&R.


Ellis, M.J., Leddy, J., Willer, B. (2016). Multi-Disciplinary Management of Athletes with Post-Concussion Syndrome: An Evolving Pathophysiological Approach. Front Neurol.

Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, C., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Clinical reasoning for manual therapy management of tension type and cervicogenic headache. J Man Manip Ther.

Matuszak, J.M., McVige, J., McPherson, J., Willer, B., Leddy, J. (2016). A Practical Concussion Physical Examination Toolbox. Sports Health.

Morin, M., Langevin, P., & Fait, P. (2016). Cervical Spine Involvement in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review. Journal of Sports Medicine. 

Shaffer, S.M., Brismée, J.M., Sizer, P.S., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Temporomandibular disorders. Part 1: anatomy and examination/diagnosis. J Man Manip Ther.

Shaffer, S.M., Brismée, J.M., Sizer, P.S., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Temporomandibular disorders. Part 2: conservative management. J Man Manip Ther.


Gismervik, S.Ø., Drogset, J.O., Granviken, F., Rø, M., Leivseth, G. (2017). Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test performance. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.

Gray, M., Wallace, A., Aldridge, S. (2016). Assessment of shoulder pain for non-specialists. BMJ.

Jain, N. B., Wilcox, R. B., Katz, J. N., & Higgins, L. D. (2013). Clinical Examination of the Rotator Cuff. Pm&r. 

Page, P. (2010). A new exercise for tennis elbow that works! N Am J Sports Phys Ther.


Masaracchio, M., Kirker, K., ... Liu, X. (2016). An intervention-based clinical reasoning framework to guide the management of thoracic pain in a dancer.

Petersen, T., Laslett, M., Juhl, C. (2017). Clinical classification in low back pain: best-evidence diagnostic rules based on systematic reviews. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.

Taxter, A.J., Chauvin, N.A., Weiss, P.F. (2014). Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain in the pediatric population. Phys Sportsmed.

Tousignant-Laflamme, Y., Martel, M.O., Joshi, A.B., Cook, C.E. (2017). Rehabilitation management of low back pain - it's time to pull it all together! J Pain Res.

Vleeming, A., Schuenke, M. D., Masi, A. T., Carreiro, J. E., Danneels, L., & Willard, F. H. (2012). The sacroiliac joint: An overview of its anatomy, function and potential clinical implications. Journal of Anatomy.


Cheatham, S.W., Kolber, M.J., Salamh, P.A. (2013). Meralgia paresthetica: a review of the literature. Int J Sports Phys Ther.

Cheatham, S.W. (2016). Extra-articular hip impingement: a narrative review of the literature. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 

Henning, P.T. (2014). The running athlete: stress fractures, osteitis pubis, and snapping hips. Sports Health.

Martin, R., Martin, H.D., Kivlan, B.R. (2017). Nerve entrapment in the hip region: current concepts review. Int J Sports Phys Ther.

Tyler, T.F., Fukunaga, T., Gellert, J. (2014). Rehabilitation of soft tissue injuries of the hip and pelvis. Int J Sports Phys Ther.

Weber, A.E., Bedi, A., Tibor, L.M., Zaltz, I., Larson, C.M. (2015). The Hyperflexible Hip: Managing Hip Pain in the Dancer and Gymnast. Sports Health.


Porr, J., Chrobak, K., Muir, B. (2013). Entrapment of the saphenous nerve at the adductor canal affecting the infrapatellar branch - a report on two cases. J Can Chiropr Assoc.


Fraser, J.J., Feger, M.A., Hertel, J.  (2016). Midfoot and forefoot involvement in lateral ankle sprains and chronic instability. Part 1: Anatomy and Biomechanics. Int J Sports Phys Ther.

Fraser, J.J., Feger, M.A., Hertel, J. (2016). Clinical commentary on midfoot and forefoot involvement in lateral ankle sprains and chronic ankle instability. Part 2 Clinical Considerations. Int J Sports Phys Ther.

McKeon, P.O., Wikstrom, E.A. (2016). Sensory-Targeted Ankle Rehabilitation Strategies for Chronic Ankle Instability. Med Sci Sports Exerc.

Paraskevas, G., Natsis, K., Tzika, M., & Ioannidis, O. (2014). Fascial entrapment of the sural nerve and its clinical relevance. Anatomy & Cell Biology.

General Reference Books
• Crooked. Cathryn Jakobson Ramin
• Cure. Jo Marchant.
• The Brain That Changes Itself. Norman Doidge. 
• Touch. David Linden. 
• The Story of the Human Body. Daniel Lieberman.
• Understanding Pain. Fernando Cervero. 

Clinical Textbooks
• Explain Pain Supercharged. David Butler. 
• Brukner & Khan’s Clinical Sports Medicine Injuries. 
• Principles of Musculoskeletal Treatment and Management. Kieran Barnard

Anatomy and Physiology Textbooks
• Color Atlas of Human Anatomy: Locomotor System. Werner Platzer. 
• Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. 
• Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Michael Schuenke. 

Cupping Set
• Cupping Set - Amazon
• Cupping Set - Amazon

• Rock Blade
• Heskiers OneTool
• Great China Herbs Centre in Toronto

Standards of practice specific to Cupping and IASTM
Registrants are encouraged to review the CMTO Policy on the Application of Complementary Modalities (found here)
• CMTO Standard of Practice
• Standards for Specific Additional Massage Therapy Techniques
• Communication/Public Health Standard 7 
• Communication/Public Health Standard 10
Example of Informed Consent 
• Infection Control Guidelines