Learn From The Experts
In addition to the in person course, participants are provided with continuing education resources, this may include reading the following papers.
• Mobilisation of the Neuroimmune System
Trigger Point Doubts 
Your Back Is Not Out of Alignment
Tissue changes and Pain 
Can Pain Be a Tip With No Iceberg?

Setting the Groundwork for Evidence Based Massage
• Massage Therapy Research 
• Biopsychosocial Model of Massage Therapy 
• Peer Reviewed Resources
• Guide to Reading Massage Therapy Research 
The Integration of Research into Massage Therapy 
How To Evaluate A Scholarly Article (Powerpoint) 

Knowledge Translation
• What are Myofascial Triggerpoints?
• Does Fascia Release? 
Nerve Mobilizations
• Cupping
• Taping
• IASTM 
• Stretch Training 
What is a Concussion?

Theories and Treatment Strategies
As the body of knowledge to support the use of massage therapy continues to grow, understanding the basic science behind what we do and the guiding principles of adaptability enable us to apply this work to a number of conditions including, but not limited to:
• Sports Related Aches and Pain
• Scar Management 
• Rehabilitation for Acute Muscle Strains
• Neck Pain
Cervicogenic Dizziness
Cervicogenic Tinnitus
• Migraine Headaches
• Tension Headaches
• Post-Concussion Syndrome
• Temporal Mandibular Disorder (TMD)
• Overhead Athletes
• Shoulder Pain
• Frozen Shoulder
• Tennis Elbow
• Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 
• Post-Operative Patients
• Exertional Compartment Syndrome
• Dupuytren's Disease
• Low Back Pain 
• Sciatica
• Hip Pain
• Post-Surgical ACL Injuries 
• Osteoarthritis of The Knee
• Ankle Sprain
• Plantar Fasciitis 


A SYNTHESIS OF NOTEWORTHY FINDS (OPEN ACCESS)

Broderick, G., Craddock, T.J. (2013). Systems biology of complex symptom profiles: capturing interactivity across behavior, brain and immune regulation. Brain Behav Immun.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23022717

Dong, Q., Jacobson, J.A., ... Kim, S.M. (2012). Entrapment neuropathies in the upper and lower limbs: anatomy and MRI features. Radiol Res Pract.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23125929

Kennedy, A.B., Munk, N. (2017). Experienced Practitioners' Beliefs Utilized to Create a Successful Massage Therapist Conceptual Model: a Qualitative Investigation. Int J Ther Massage Bodywork.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28690704

Laumonier, T., & Menetrey, J. (2016). Muscle injuries and strategies for improving their repair. Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27447481

Pelletier, R., Higgins, J., & Bourbonnais, D. (2015). Is neuroplasticity in the central nervous system the missing link to our understanding of chronic musculoskeletal disorders? BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25887644

Schmid, A. B., Brunner, F., ... Coppieters, M. W. (2009). Reliability of clinical tests to evaluate nerve function and mechanosensitivity of the upper limb peripheral nervous system. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19154625

Shah, J., Thaker, N., Heimur, J., Aredo, J., Sikdar, S., & Gerber, L. (2015). Myofascial Trigger Points Then and Now: A Historical and Scientific Perspective. PM&R.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25724849

CONCUSSION, HEADACHES AND NECK PAIN

Ellis, M.J., Leddy, J., Willer, B. (2016). Multi-Disciplinary Management of Athletes with Post-Concussion Syndrome: An Evolving Pathophysiological Approach. Front Neurol.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27605923

Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, C., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Clinical reasoning for manual therapy management of tension type and cervicogenic headache. J Man Manip Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24976747

Matuszak, J.M., McVige, J., McPherson, J., Willer, B., Leddy, J. (2016). A Practical Concussion Physical Examination Toolbox. Sports Health.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27022058/

Morin, M., Langevin, P., & Fait, P. (2016). Cervical Spine Involvement in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review. Journal of Sports Medicine.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27529079 

Shaffer, S.M., Brismée, J.M., Sizer, P.S., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Temporomandibular disorders. Part 1: anatomy and examination/diagnosis. J Man Manip Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24976743

Shaffer, S.M., Brismée, J.M., Sizer, P.S., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Temporomandibular disorders. Part 2: conservative management. J Man Manip Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24976744

SHOULDER AND UPPER LIMB

Gismervik, S.Ø., Drogset, J.O., Granviken, F., Rø, M., Leivseth, G. (2017). Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test performance. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28122541

Gray, M., Wallace, A., Aldridge, S. (2016). Assessment of shoulder pain for non-specialists. BMJ.
http://www.bmj.com/content/355/bmj.i5783

Jain, N. B., Wilcox, R. B., Katz, J. N., & Higgins, L. D. (2013). Clinical Examination of the Rotator Cuff. Pm&r.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23332909 

Page, P., Labbe, A. (2010). Adhesive capsulitis: use the evidence to integrate your interventions. N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21655385

Page, P. (2010). A new exercise for tennis elbow that works! N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21589674

BACK AND TRUNK

Benjamin, M. (2009). The fascia of the limbs and back - a review. Journal of Anatomy.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19166469

Masaracchio, M., Kirker, K., ... Liu, X. (2016). An intervention-based clinical reasoning framework to guide the management of thoracic pain in a dancer.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27999727

Petersen, T., Laslett, M., Juhl, C. (2017). Clinical classification in low back pain: best-evidence diagnostic rules based on systematic reviews. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28499364

Stynes, S., Konstantinou, K., Dunn, K.M. (2016). Classification of patients with low back-related leg pain: a systematic review. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27215590

Taxter, A.J., Chauvin, N.A., Weiss, P.F. (2014). Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain in the pediatric population. Phys Sportsmed.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24565826

Vleeming, A., Schuenke, M. D., Masi, A. T., Carreiro, J. E., Danneels, L., & Willard, F. H. (2012). The sacroiliac joint: An overview of its anatomy, function and potential clinical implications. Journal of Anatomy.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22994881

HIP AND THIGH

Cheatham, S.W., Kolber, M.J., Salamh, P.A. (2013). Meralgia paresthetica: a review of the literature. Int J Sports Phys Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24377074

Cheatham, S.W. (2016). Extra-articular hip impingement: a narrative review of the literature. J Can Chiropr Assoc.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27069266 

Henning, P.T. (2014). The running athlete: stress fractures, osteitis pubis, and snapping hips. Sports Health.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24587861

Tyler, T.F., Fukunaga, T., Gellert, J. (2014). Rehabilitation of soft tissue injuries of the hip and pelvis. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25383247

Weber, A.E., Bedi, A., Tibor, L.M., Zaltz, I., Larson, C.M. (2015). The Hyperflexible Hip: Managing Hip Pain in the Dancer and Gymnast. Sports Health.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26137181

KNEE

Porr, J., Chrobak, K., Muir, B. (2013). Entrapment of the saphenous nerve at the adductor canal affecting the infrapatellar branch - a report on two cases. J Can Chiropr Assoc.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24302782

LOWER LIMB AND FOOT

Fraser, J.J., Feger, M.A., Hertel, J.  (2016). Midfoot and forefoot involvement in lateral ankle sprains and chronic instability. Part 1: Anatomy and Biomechanics. Int J Sports Phys Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27904801

Fraser, J.J., Feger, M.A., Hertel, J. (2016). Clinical commentary on midfoot and forefoot involvement in lateral ankle sprains and chronic ankle instability. Part 2 Clinical Considerations. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27999731

Jayaseelan, D.J., Post, A.A., Mischke, J.J., Sault, J.D. (2017). Joint mobilization in the management of persistent insertional achilles tendinopathy. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28217424

McCormack, J.R., Underwood, F.B., Slaven, E.J., Cappaert, T.A. (2016).  Eccentric Exercise Versus Eccentric Exercise and Soft Tissue Treatment (Astym) in the Management of Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy. Sports Health.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26893309

McKeon, P.O., Wikstrom, E.A. (2016). Sensory-Targeted Ankle Rehabilitation Strategies for Chronic Ankle Instability. Med Sci Sports Exerc (OPEN ACCESS).
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26717498

Paraskevas, G., Natsis, K., Tzika, M., & Ioannidis, O. (2014). Fascial entrapment of the sural nerve and its clinical relevance. Anatomy & Cell Biology.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24987554


General Reference Books
• Cure. Jo Marchant.
• The Brain That Changes Itself. Norman Doidge. 
• Touch. David Linden. 
• The Story of the Human Body. Daniel Lieberman.
• Understanding Pain. Fernando Cervero. 

Clinical Textbooks
• Manual Therapy for Musculoskeletal Pain Syndromes. Cesar Fernandez de las Pen. 
• The Oxford Textbook of Musculoskeletal Medicine. Michael Hutson. 
• Explain Pain Supercharged. David Butler. 
• Brukner & Khan’s Clinical Sports Medicine Injuries. 
• Principles of Musculoskeletal Treatment and Management. Kieran Barnard

Anatomy and Physiology Textbooks
• Color Atlas of Human Anatomy: Locomotor System. Werner Platzer. 
• Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. 
• Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Michael Schuenke. 

Cupping Set
• ETD INC. 
• Cupping Set - Amazon
• Cupping Set - Amazon

IASTM
• Rock Blade
• SASTM 
• Heskiers OneTool
• Great China Herbs Centre in Toronto

Standards of practice specific to Cupping and IASTM
Registrants are encouraged to review the CMTO Policy on the Application of Complementary Modalities (found here)
• CMTO Standard of Practice
• Standards for Specific Additional Massage Therapy Techniques
• Communication/Public Health Standard 7 
• Communication/Public Health Standard 10
Example of Informed Consent 
• Infection Control Guidelines