Knowledge Translation
In addition to the in person course, participants are provided with education resources that upend conventional wisdom about rehabilitation and pain.
• A Comprehensive Guide to the New Science of Treating Lower Back Pain - Vox
• Forget Pills and Surgery for Back Pain - Scientific American
• Alternatives to Drugs for Treating Pain - New York Times
• Starting Rehab Early Can Speed Recovery From Muscle Injuries - Globe and Mail
• The Social Power of Touch - Scientific American Mind
• Massage may aid muscle regrowth, even in an opposite limb - Colorado State University

Setting the Groundwork for Evidence Based Massage
Does Massage Work: A Review of The Research
• Four Science Backed Ways Massage Makes You Feel Better
• Peer Reviewed Resources
• Guide to Reading Massage Therapy Research 
The Integration of Research into Massage Therapy 
How To Evaluate A Scholarly Article (Powerpoint) 
Massage Therapy Case Reports

Modalities Explained
• What are Myofascial Triggerpoints?
• Does Fascia Release? 
Nerve Mobilizations
• Cupping
• Taping
• IASTM 
• Stretch Training 
• Foam Rolling

Theories and Treatment Strategies
As the body of knowledge to support the use of massage therapy continues to grow, understanding the basic science behind what we do and the guiding principles of adaptability enable us to apply this work to a number of conditions including, but not limited to:
• Sports Massage for Athletic Performance
• Scar Management 
• Rehabilitation for Acute Muscle Strains
• Neck Pain
Cervicogenic Dizziness
Cervicogenic Tinnitus
• Migraine Headaches
• Tension Headaches
• Post-Concussion Syndrome 
What is a Concussion?
• Temporal Mandibular Disorder (TMD)
• Shoulder Pain
• Frozen Shoulder
• Tennis Elbow
• Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 
• Post-Operative Patients
• Shin Splints
• Dupuytren's Disease
• Low Back Pain 
• Sciatica
• Hip Pain
• Post-Surgical ACL Injuries 
• Osteoarthritis of The Knee
• Ankle Sprain
• Plantar Fasciitis 


A SYNTHESIS OF NOTEWORTHY FINDS (OPEN ACCESS)

Dong, Q., Jacobson, J.A., ... Kim, S.M. (2012). Entrapment neuropathies in the upper and lower limbs: anatomy and MRI features. Radiol Res Pract.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23125929

Kennedy, A.B., Munk, N. (2017). Experienced Practitioners' Beliefs Utilized to Create a Successful Massage Therapist Conceptual Model: a Qualitative Investigation. Int J Ther Massage Bodywork.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28690704

Laumonier, T., & Menetrey, J. (2016). Muscle injuries and strategies for improving their repair. Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27447481

Pelletier, R., Higgins, J., & Bourbonnais, D. (2015). Is neuroplasticity in the central nervous system the missing link to our understanding of chronic musculoskeletal disorders? BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25887644

Schmid, A. B., Brunner, F., ... Coppieters, M. W. (2009). Reliability of clinical tests to evaluate nerve function and mechanosensitivity of the upper limb peripheral nervous system. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19154625

Shah, J., Thaker, N., Heimur, J., Aredo, J., Sikdar, S., & Gerber, L. (2015). Myofascial Trigger Points Then and Now: A Historical and Scientific Perspective. PM&R.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25724849

CONCUSSION, HEADACHES AND NECK PAIN

Ellis, M.J., Leddy, J., Willer, B. (2016). Multi-Disciplinary Management of Athletes with Post-Concussion Syndrome: An Evolving Pathophysiological Approach. Front Neurol.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27605923

Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, C., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Clinical reasoning for manual therapy management of tension type and cervicogenic headache. J Man Manip Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24976747

Matuszak, J.M., McVige, J., McPherson, J., Willer, B., Leddy, J. (2016). A Practical Concussion Physical Examination Toolbox. Sports Health.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27022058/

Morin, M., Langevin, P., & Fait, P. (2016). Cervical Spine Involvement in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review. Journal of Sports Medicine.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27529079 

Shaffer, S.M., Brismée, J.M., Sizer, P.S., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Temporomandibular disorders. Part 1: anatomy and examination/diagnosis. J Man Manip Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24976743

Shaffer, S.M., Brismée, J.M., Sizer, P.S., Courtney, C.A. (2014). Temporomandibular disorders. Part 2: conservative management. J Man Manip Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24976744

SHOULDER AND UPPER LIMB

Gismervik, S.Ø., Drogset, J.O., Granviken, F., Rø, M., Leivseth, G. (2017). Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test performance. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28122541

Gray, M., Wallace, A., Aldridge, S. (2016). Assessment of shoulder pain for non-specialists. BMJ.
http://www.bmj.com/content/355/bmj.i5783

Jain, N. B., Wilcox, R. B., Katz, J. N., & Higgins, L. D. (2013). Clinical Examination of the Rotator Cuff. Pm&r.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23332909 

Page, P. (2010). A new exercise for tennis elbow that works! N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21589674

BACK AND TRUNK

Masaracchio, M., Kirker, K., ... Liu, X. (2016). An intervention-based clinical reasoning framework to guide the management of thoracic pain in a dancer.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27999727

Petersen, T., Laslett, M., Juhl, C. (2017). Clinical classification in low back pain: best-evidence diagnostic rules based on systematic reviews. BMC Musculoskelet Disord.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28499364

Taxter, A.J., Chauvin, N.A., Weiss, P.F. (2014). Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain in the pediatric population. Phys Sportsmed.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24565826

Tousignant-Laflamme, Y., Martel, M.O., Joshi, A.B., Cook, C.E. (2017). Rehabilitation management of low back pain - it's time to pull it all together! J Pain Res.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29042813

Vleeming, A., Schuenke, M. D., Masi, A. T., Carreiro, J. E., Danneels, L., & Willard, F. H. (2012). The sacroiliac joint: An overview of its anatomy, function and potential clinical implications. Journal of Anatomy.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22994881

HIP AND THIGH

Cheatham, S.W., Kolber, M.J., Salamh, P.A. (2013). Meralgia paresthetica: a review of the literature. Int J Sports Phys Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24377074

Cheatham, S.W. (2016). Extra-articular hip impingement: a narrative review of the literature. J Can Chiropr Assoc.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27069266 

Henning, P.T. (2014). The running athlete: stress fractures, osteitis pubis, and snapping hips. Sports Health.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24587861

Martin, R., Martin, H.D., Kivlan, B.R. (2017). Nerve entrapment in the hip region: current concepts review. Int J Sports Phys Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29234567

Tyler, T.F., Fukunaga, T., Gellert, J. (2014). Rehabilitation of soft tissue injuries of the hip and pelvis. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25383247

Weber, A.E., Bedi, A., Tibor, L.M., Zaltz, I., Larson, C.M. (2015). The Hyperflexible Hip: Managing Hip Pain in the Dancer and Gymnast. Sports Health.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26137181

KNEE

Porr, J., Chrobak, K., Muir, B. (2013). Entrapment of the saphenous nerve at the adductor canal affecting the infrapatellar branch - a report on two cases. J Can Chiropr Assoc.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24302782

LOWER LIMB AND FOOT

Fraser, J.J., Feger, M.A., Hertel, J.  (2016). Midfoot and forefoot involvement in lateral ankle sprains and chronic instability. Part 1: Anatomy and Biomechanics. Int J Sports Phys Ther.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27904801

Fraser, J.J., Feger, M.A., Hertel, J. (2016). Clinical commentary on midfoot and forefoot involvement in lateral ankle sprains and chronic ankle instability. Part 2 Clinical Considerations. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27999731

McKeon, P.O., Wikstrom, E.A. (2016). Sensory-Targeted Ankle Rehabilitation Strategies for Chronic Ankle Instability. Med Sci Sports Exerc.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26717498

Paraskevas, G., Natsis, K., Tzika, M., & Ioannidis, O. (2014). Fascial entrapment of the sural nerve and its clinical relevance. Anatomy & Cell Biology.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24987554


General Reference Books
• Crooked. Cathryn Jakobson Ramin
• Cure. Jo Marchant.
• The Brain That Changes Itself. Norman Doidge. 
• Touch. David Linden. 
• The Story of the Human Body. Daniel Lieberman.
• Understanding Pain. Fernando Cervero. 

Clinical Textbooks
• Explain Pain Supercharged. David Butler. 
• Brukner & Khan’s Clinical Sports Medicine Injuries. 
• Principles of Musculoskeletal Treatment and Management. Kieran Barnard

Anatomy and Physiology Textbooks
• Color Atlas of Human Anatomy: Locomotor System. Werner Platzer. 
• Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. 
• Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Michael Schuenke. 

Cupping Set
• ETD INC. 
• Cupping Set - Amazon
• Cupping Set - Amazon

IASTM
• Rock Blade
• SASTM 
• Heskiers OneTool
• Great China Herbs Centre in Toronto

Standards of practice specific to Cupping and IASTM
Registrants are encouraged to review the CMTO Policy on the Application of Complementary Modalities (found here)
• CMTO Standard of Practice
• Standards for Specific Additional Massage Therapy Techniques
• Communication/Public Health Standard 7 
• Communication/Public Health Standard 10
Example of Informed Consent 
• Infection Control Guidelines